Preparing next iteration

This section is meant to gather ideas about the objectives for the next iteration :-)


  • Improving the current prototype regarding medical image quality requirement and selecting the best architecture

  • Miniaturizing the prototype (electronics, mechanics, etc.) following regulatory guidelines, industrial constraints and medical requirements including implementation of the selected architecture


  • Work on optimized acquisition chain (probe, analog signal conditioning, high-speed ADC) with a well defined electrical interface (connector, signals,…)

  • Work on two processing systems in parallel working with the acquisition chain mentioned here above


  • High amplification factor, around 100 dB (actually 45dB)

  • Electromagnetic insulation

  • Power supply (battery)

  • Miniaturization, integration


  • high-performance, not cost-optimized solution: high-end FPGA or hybrid chip (Xilinx Zynq or Altera SoC)

  • lower-performance, cost optimized solution: low-end FPGA + DSP/ARM processor

  • Remove the RedPitaya board

  • High sampling rate ADC, around 12 bits precision, between 50-100 Msps (minimum 45 Msps)

  • “High” sampling rate DAC around 8 bits, 1 Msps (7 bits precision ramp, 130 us)

  • Complex calculus in the controller (Hilbert transform)

  • Large onboard buffers (memory)?

  • Wireless transfer to smartphone


  • Confirm the approach proposed in the first review
  • Benchmark the Ultramark, our solution, and chinese probe to test the metrics on devices at hands


  • Now is the time to explore transducer sourcing, update the possible suppliers, and build relationship with suppliers


Bring the probe out of water !

To start doing a few tests on the human body outside the aquarium we will make a simplistic probe. It will be composed of:

  • stepper motor
  • 3.5MHz transducer mounted on a rotating drum and tilted by 30 °
  • sealed shell made of a material transparent to ultrasound
  • sealed grommet to pass the 4 wires of the motor and the shielded wire of the transducer
  • controller to control the stepping motor

Design a calibration system

To calibrate the focus zone of the transducers and the image geometrical deformation after scan conversion, design a calibration system to be used in the aquarium:

  • A 2 or 3 axis table capable of moving a target in the aquarium
  • A system for monitoring and controlling the axis
  • A chain to acquire measures and report results

Embedded systems

Explore a Raspberry benchmarking tool

  • Raspberry has a huge community
  • Simple miniaturized "benchmarking tool" with Analog front end + 10Msps acquisition
    • It's motors+transducer agnostic: can be tested with servo, with ATL probes, with stepper motors, ..
    • Allows benchmarking by providing a "level 0" benchmark
    • Low cost (170$ of electronics, 50$ of PCBs, 10$ of Rapsberry pi)
  • RPi allows different types of optimisation (see embsys @eiffel)
  • The RPi also allows a server-based approach

Challenge an envelope detection algorithm (or many) on different architectures

  • Singlecore CPU (used as reference),
  • Multicore CPU,
  • Multicore SIMD CPU,
  • GPU,
  • FPGA
  • DSP

Since it is not possible to simulate precisely the performances of the different architectures we will have to test them.
The objective of this is to summarize performances of the different architectures and taking their prices into account. A good result will be to obtain an Optimum of Pareto between the price (which has to be as low as possible) and the performances (which have to be as high as possible).

The energy consumption is also an interesting thing to take into account. We can imagine having a fixed capacity battery and measure the number of image which are computed for the different solutions.

One prerequisite of this is to have a good knowledge of at least one envelope detection algorithm.

Signal processing

Find the best choice for envelope extraction

  • Analog implementation
  • Digital implementation
    • challenge v1 : "dummy" quality assessment --> gather knowledge about state-of-the-art
    • challenge v2 : implement solutions picked from v1 on the device and evaluate image quality, computation time and achievable framerate, ...
  • Decide for good between analog and digital implementations based on image quality and cost constrains
  • Implement the chosen solution on the device
  • Using

Device - software interface

  • Data transfer protocols hardware-software (storage, security, data processing, etc.)

App - software

Iterate on mobile application usability

  • starting from Mockups done with Hetic Internet school last year, prepare detailed user workflows that will be challenged by designers, doctors, ultrasound users and engineers during the next session
  • document the usability iteration
  • complete work started by Maroccan team on User Interface phaino branch and include new usability inputs

Re-architecture mobile application

  • break dependencies and user functionnality code bindings in order to ease unit/integrated tests and ensure medical code compliance
  • implement MVP architecture design - see Android Architecture Blueprint

Continuous integration

  • set-up or update unit/integrated tests frameworks (JUnit, Monkey runner, ...)
  • increase overall test coverage for each application components
  • set-up a continuous integration pipeline
    • set-up an automated test framework or use existing Travis one
    • implement hook mechanism for each new integration to ensure every automatic tests passed and to check that the commit has been properly reviewed
    • (optionnal) add static code analysis tool before integration (ie Sonar Qube)

Iterate on Formal Documentation

  • find standard document template for every listed below documents following norm iso...
  • ramp up on Product Development Lifecycle tool
  • Write version-0 specifications (SRS)
  • write version-0 verification plan (VP)
  • write version-0 software architecture design (SAD)

Store images with their metadata

  • DICOM is standard used to borrow metadata of medical pictures. We can see this format like an XML file which will accompany our medical picture.
  • DICOM is compatible with ultrasound pictures.
  • We can use it to store, for example, the patient's name or the software's version used to get the pictures.
  • \@eiffel thinks that it could be a good idea to read the standard to get more information about this format.

  • Need to list what information need to be stored within this metadata

List of authors

We thank all echOpen members who contributed to the release of this GitBook :

Alister Trabattoni


Benoit Vincent

Clément Le Couedic



K. Ghosh

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